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Nicosia: Capital City of North Cyprus

Nicosia: Capital City of North Cyprus

Northern Cyprus is one of the most perfect regions of the Mediterranean. North Cyprus cities fascinate tourists with their historical and natural beauties.

 

Cities in North Cyprus

North Cyprus, officially known as the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus (TRNC), is a self-declared state that occupies the northern portion of the island of Cyprus.

Nicosia (Lefkoşa): Nicosia is the capital city of North Cyprus. It is divided into two parts: the southern part, controlled by the Republic of Cyprus, and the northern part, controlled by the TRNC. The city is known for its historical sites, including Selimiye Mosque, Kyrenia Gate, and the old city walls.

Girne (Kyrenia): Located on the northern coast, Kyrenia is a popular tourist destination known for its beautiful harbor and castle. The city offers a mix of historical sites, such as Kyrenia Castle, St. Hilarion Castle, and Bellapais Abbey, as well as vibrant restaurants, bars, and shops along the harbor promenade. Patara City North Cyprus is the most beautiful place in Kyrenia. Gazimağusa (Famagusta): Famagusta is a major port city on the eastern coast of North Cyprus.

This ancient city is known for its rich history and well-preserved medieval walls, which surround the old town. One of the main attractions is the abandoned district of Varosha, which was once a popular tourist resort but has been closed off and abandoned since 1974.

Güzelyurt: Güzelyurt is a town located on the western coast of North Cyprus. It is known for its citrus orchards and is sometimes referred to as the "Orange Capital" of Cyprus. The town also houses the Ancient City of Soli, an archaeological site containing well-preserved ruins from the Roman and Byzantine period.

Lefke is a small town located in the northwestern part of the island. It is known for its natural beauty, with scenic views of the mountains and nearby Akdeniz (Mediterranean) Beach. Lefke University, which focuses on agriculture and environmental sciences, is also situated here.

 

Nicosia: Capital City of North Cyprus

Nicosia: Capital City of North Cyprus

Nicosia Cyprus, also known as Lefkoşa in Turkish, is the capital and largest city of Cyprus. Nicosia is the only divided capital city in the world. The city is split into two parts: the southern part, controlled by the internationally recognized Republic of Cyprus, and the northern part, which is under the control of the self-declared Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus.

Nicosia has a rich history dating back thousands of years. The city has been inhabited by various civilizations, including the Byzantines, Ottomans, and Venetians. Its historic center is surrounded by well-preserved Venetian walls from the 16th century.

The city is home to several notable landmarks. One of the most prominent attractions is Selimiye Mosque, formerly known as St. Sophia Cathedral. This grand mosque, with its massive dome and minarets, is a testament to the city's multicultural history. Other landmarks include the Buyuk Han (Great Inn), a beautifully restored Ottoman caravanserai, and the Cyprus Museum, which houses a vast collection of archaeological artifacts.

 

Famagusta

Famagusta, also known as Gazimağusa in Turkish, is a city located on the east coast of Cyprus. Famagusta is one of the most historically important cities in Cyprus. It was once a major trading port and served as the capital of the Lusignan Kingdom of Cyprus in the Middle Ages. The city flourished during this period and was known for its impressive city walls, palaces, and churches.

One of the most prominent features of Famagusta is its ghost town, Varosha. After the Turkish invasion of Cyprus in 1974, Varosha was abandoned and has since been under the control of Turkish forces. The area remains fenced off and inaccessible to the public, frozen in time with empty hotels and deserted streets.

Famagusta is well-known for its historical Othello's Tower, also known as the Citadel. This medieval fortress is associated with Shakespeare's play "Othello" and offers stunning views of the city and the coastline. The tower was originally built by the Lusignans and later modified by the Venetians.

 

Kyrenia

Kyrenia, also known as Girne in Turkish, is a town located on the northern coast of Cyprus. Kyrenia has a rich history dating back to ancient times. It has been inhabited by various civilizations including the Greeks, Romans, Byzantines, and Ottomans. The town's iconic harborside castle, Kyrenia Castle, is a historical landmark that dates back to the 7th century.

The picturesque Kyrenia Harbour is one of the main attractions of the town. Its charming waterfront is lined with colorful fishing boats, boutique shops, cafes, and restaurants. Visitors can enjoy a stroll along the promenade, indulge in local cuisine, and take in the stunning views of the Mediterranean Sea.

Standing at the edge of Kyrenia Harbour, Kyrenia Castle is a must-visit for history enthusiasts. This medieval castle is home to the Shipwreck Museum, which houses the remains of an ancient Greek merchant ship that sank near Kyrenia around 300 BC. The castle also offers panoramic views of the town and the sea.

Just a few kilometers outside of Kyrenia, Bellapais Abbey is a stunning example of Gothic architecture. The abbey was founded in the 13th century and offers a peaceful and scenic retreat. It also hosts cultural events and concerts throughout the year.

 

Morphou

Morphou, also known as Güzelyurt in Turkish, is a town located in the northwestern part of Cyprus.

Morphou is situated in the Morphou Bay on the northern coast of Cyprus. It is surrounded by the fertile Mesaoria plain and is known for its agricultural significance.

Like many other towns in Cyprus, Morphou has a rich history dating back to ancient times. It has been inhabited by various civilizations including the Greeks, Romans, Byzantines, Lusignans, and Ottomans. The town has witnessed a mixture of Greek Cypriot and Turkish Cypriot populations throughout its history.

Morphou is renowned for its agricultural productivity. The fertile plains surrounding the town are well-suited for cultivating citrus fruits, olives, grapes, and various other crops. The region produces a significant portion of Cyprus' agricultural output.

St. Mamas Church is a historical landmark in Morphou. Dedicated to the patron saint of tax collectors and shepherds, the church is known for its beautiful frescoes and architecture. It is a significant cultural and religious site for locals and visitors.

 

Iskele

Iskele, also known as Famagusta, is a town located on the eastern coast of Cyprus. İskele is situated on the eastern coast of Cyprus, near the eastern tip of the island. It lies within the internationally unrecognized Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus (TRNC).

Famagusta has a rich history, dating back to ancient times. It was once a major port city and trading hub in the Mediterranean. The town was heavily fortified and had a significant defensive role during several periods, including the Byzantine, Lusignan, and Venetian eras. Today, it is known for its well-preserved historical sites.

Iskele/Famagusta is famous for its stunning architectural treasures. The main attraction is the walled city of Famagusta, which contains historical sites such as the Lala Mustafa Pasha Mosque (formerly known as St. Nicholas Cathedral), the Othello Castle, Venetian Palace, and the City Walls. These landmarks offer insights into the town's rich history and cultural heritage.

 

Southern Cyprus Cities

Southern Cyprus Cities

Southern Cyprus, also known as the Republic of Cyprus, is the internationally recognized government-controlled part of the island.

 

Limassol

Limassol

Limassol is the second-largest city in Cyprus and is known for its vibrant atmosphere and beautiful coastline. It offers a rich history, modern amenities, and a bustling nightlife scene. Some popular attractions in Limassol include Limassol Castle, the Limassol Marina, Kolossi Castle, and the Limassol Archaeological Museum.

 

Paphos

Paphos is a coastal city known for its rich history and archaeological sites. It is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and boasts numerous ancient ruins, such as the Tombs of the Kings, Paphos Archaeological Park (home to Roman mosaics), and the Paphos Castle. Additionally, Paphos offers beautiful beaches, a charming harbor area, and a lively tourist scene.

 

Larnaca

Larnaca is a coastal city located on the southern coast of Cyprus. It is famous for its beautiful beaches, such as Finikoudes Beach and Mackenzie Beach, and its lively promenade lined with cafes, bars, and tavernas. Larnaca also has historical sites, including the Hala Sultan Tekke mosque, Larnaca Salt Lake, and the Larnaca Fort.

 

Ghost City of Cyprus: Varosha

Ghost City of Cyprus: Varosha

One of the notable aspects of the history of İskele/Famagusta is the area known as ghost city Cyprus Varosha. Following the Turkish invasion of Cyprus in 1974, North Cyprus abandoned city Varosha was abandoned and remains a ghost town to this day. It is still fenced off and inaccessible to the public.

 

Rent a Car From Nicosia Airport

By getting car hire Nicosia, you can visit the most beautiful city of Cyprus quickly and comfortably. You can get rent a car Nicosia from EuroDrive, which has quality and high standards in Nicosia Airport. So you can have a pleasant time with your family and loved ones.

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